Sayyid Amiruddin

Researcher of Political Science & Classical Islam. Initiated by the Khwajagan i-Naqshband.

Brigadier General Reza Shah Pahlavi, father of Shah Mohammad Pahlavi: The Man Who Overthrew Iran’s 200 Year Old Qajar Monarchy

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In 1925, Reza Shah deposed Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty, and founded the Pahlavi dynasty. He established a constitutional monarchy that lasted until overthrown in 1979 during the Iranian Revolution. Reza Shah introduced many social, economic, and political reforms during his reign, ultimately laying the foundation of the modern Iranian state.

Legacy

Signed Photograph of Adolf Hitler for Reza Shah Pahlavi in Original Frame with the Swastika and Adolf Hitler's (AH) Sign – Sahebgharanie Palace – Niavaran Palace Complex. The text below the photograph: His Imperial Majesty – Reza Shah Pahlavi – Shahanshah of Iran – With the Best Wishes – Berlin, 12 March 1936 – The signature of Adolf Hitler

Signed Photograph of Adolf Hitler for Reza Shah Pahlavi in Original Frame with the Swastika and Adolf Hitler’s (AH) Sign – Sahebgharanie Palace – Niavaran Palace Complex. The text below the photograph: His Imperial Majesty – Reza Shah Pahlavi – Shahanshah of Iran – With the Best Wishes – Berlin, 12 March 1936 – The signature of Adolf Hitler

His legacy remains controversial to this day: his defenders assert that he was an essential modernizing force for Iran (whose international prominence had sharply declined during Qajar rule), while his detractors assert that his reign was often despotic, with his failure to modernize Iran’s large peasant population eventually sowing the seeds for the Iranian Revolution. Moreover, his rapprochement to Hitler and emphasis on pure Arian origin of Iranians resulted in suppression of ethnic minorities.

Clash with the Clergy

With Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

With Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

As his reign became more secure, Reza Shah clashed with Iran’s clergy and devout Muslims on many issues. In March 1928, he violated the sanctuary of Qom’s Fatima al-Masumeh Shrine to beat a cleric who had angrily admonished Reza Shah’s wife for temporarily exposing her body a day earlier while on pilgrimage to Qom. In December of that year he instituted a law requiring all everyone to wear Western clothes. This angered devout Muslims because it included a hat with a brim which prevented the devout from touching their foreheads on the ground during salah as required by Islamic law. The Shah also encouraged women to discard hijab. He announced that female teachers could not longer come to school with head coverings. One of his daughters reviewed a girls’ athletic event with an uncovered head.  Iranians protested chanting, “the Shah is a new Yezid.” The Pahlavi’s can only boast of two kings, and were abolished during the reign of the Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah’s son.

Reza Shah Coronation: From Army officer, to Prime Minister, to "His Imperial Highness"

Reza Shah Coronation: From Army officer, to Prime Minister, to “His Imperial Highness”

1967 Coronation of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, son of Reza Shah

1967 Coronation of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, son of Reza Shah

Qajar Crown

Qajar Crown

 

 

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This entry was posted on August 17, 2013 by in Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , .
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