Researcher of Political Science & Classical Islam. Initiated by the Khwajagan i-Naqshband.
Q. What is the position of the Ashraaf class, the recognized descendents of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, through the family of Ghawth al-Adham Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (rad) regarding the status of their grandfather ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib over or under that of the Shaykhayn (Abu Bakr and Umar)?
A. The historic position of the Ashraaf of the Qadiri-Musawi clan from whom I descend from my maternal grandmother’s side is recorded in the 9 volumes of Miskaat an-Nabuwat by Mawlana Ghulam ‘Ali Shah Qadiri, the great grandson of Sayyid al-Abdaal (the Master of the Abdaal) Mawlana Syed ‘Abd al-Latif Lawbali al-Hamawi wal-Baghdadi (qad), the first of the family to migrate to India from Hama Sherif in Syria. It was conveyed to me personally by Mawlana Syed ‘Abd al-Lateef Muhiuddin Qadiri, the senior most member of the family in India when I raised the issue with him in person on March 14th, 2012. This was his response:
“According to the elders of our family, namely Mawlana Ghulam ‘Ali Qadiri, in his Mishkaat an-Nabuwat, the Prophet’s declaring Hadrat ‘Ali as the Master (Mawla) of all Believers was the statement which identified Hadrat ‘Ali as the possessor of the Khilafat i-Akbar (Major Khilafah). Hadrat ‘Ali was appointed by Rasulullah (S) as a Khalifa, while Hadrat Abu Bakr was appointed by Hadrat Umar as a Khalifa. While both Khilafahs are valid, they are not the same”.
(Above) With the Ashraaf, the recognized descendants of the Prophet Muhammad (S) through the family of Ghawth al-Adham Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (rad): Pir Salman al-Jilani, grandson of Naqib al-Ashraf Pir Syed Ibrahim Saif al-Din al-Jilani (background) and Mawlana Syed ‘Abd al-Lateef Muhiuddin Qadiri (seated to Sayyid Ahmed Amiruddin’s right) in 2007. Mawlana Syed ‘Abd al-Lateef Qadiri is the senior most member of the Ashraaf of the Qadiri-Musawi family in Hyderabad.
Mawlana Abul Fazal was trained in religious knowledge by many eminent scholars of Deccan including Bahr-Ul-Uloom Allama Abdul Qadeer Siddiqi, Allama Syed Ibrahim Adeeb, Allama Syed Manazir Ahsan Gilani, Mufti Makhdoom Hussaini, Muhaddith-e-Deccan Syed Abdullah Shah Naqshbandi, Syed Yahya Hussaini Al-Hanbali, Syed Abu Nasr Qadri Al-Jilani, Shaikhul Islam Syed Badshah Hussaini, Muhammad Abdul Muqtadir Siddiqui Fazl. In Tasawwuf, Mawlana Abul Fazal was the Khalifa (Successor) of Naqeeb-ul-Ashraf fi Dar al-Islam Pir Syed Ibrahim Saif al-Din Al-Gilani in Hyderabad, Deccan. He translated the first five volumes of Mawlana Ghulam ‘Ali Shah Qadiri’s Mishkaat an-Nabuwat into the Urdu language.