Sayyid Ahmed Amiruddin

Researcher of Political Science & Classical Islam. Initiated by the Khwajagan i-Naqshband.

Shaykh ul-Islam Dr. Tahir ul-Qadri speaks about the Ghadir Declaration and the spiritual sovereignty of ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (karram Allahu wajhu)

In is book The Ghadir Declaration, Shaykh ul-Islam Dr. Tahir ul-Qadri writes about the status of ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (karram Allahu wajhu)

“Imrān bin Husayn has narrated that Allāh’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: What do you people want about ‘Alī? What do you people want about ‘Alī? What do you people want about ‘Alī? Then added: Surely ‘Alī is from me and I am from ‘Alī and after me he is the guardian of every believer.”

Tirmidhī narrated it in al-Jāmi‘-us-sahīh, b. of manāqib (merits) 6:78 (#3712); Nasā’ī with the sound chains of transmission in Khasā’is amīr-il-mu’minīn ‘Alī bin Abī Tālib (pp.77, 92 # 65, 86), and as-Sunan-ul-kubrā (5:132 # 8484); Ahmad bin Hambal in Fadā’il-us-sahābah (2:620 # 1060), and the last words of the tradition narrated in his Musnad (4:437, 438) are:

“And his face flashed. Then he said: give up (opposing) ‘Alī, give up (opposing) ‘Alī. Surely ‘Alī is from me and I am from ‘Alī and after me he is the guardian of every believer.”

Ibn Kathīr also narrated it with these words in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (5:458).

Hākim in al-Mustadrak (3:110,111#4579) has declared this tradition sound according to the conditions laid down by Imām Muslim while Dhahabī has kept silent about it.

Abū Ya‘lā has narrated it in al-Musnad (1:293 # 355) and its narrators are men of integrity while Ibn Hibbān has also called it sound.

The tradition in Tayālisī’s Musnad (p.111#829) also contains these words: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: “Why are they so concerned about ‘Alī?”

Ibn Hibbān narrated it with a firm (qawī) chain of transmission in as-Sahīh (15:373, 374 # 6929).

Ibn Abī Shaybah narrated it in al-Musannaf (12:80 # 12170); Abū Nu‘aym, Hilyat-ul-awliyā’ wa tabaqāt-ul-asfiyā’ (6:294); Muhib Tabarī, ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:129); Haythamī, Mawārid-uz-zam’ān (p.543 # 2203); and Hindī in Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:142 # 36444).

Shaykh ul-Islam Dr. Tahir ul-Qadri writes,

“Today is 18 Dhul-hijjah, the day when the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) stayed at Ghadīr Khum after his return from Hajjat-ul-wadā‘ to Medina, and surrounded by the Noble Companions, he declared while raising the hand of ‘Alī al-Murtadā:

 مَنْ كُنتُ مَولاهُ فعَلِيٌّ مَولاهُ 

“One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master.”

…This was the declaration of ‘Alī’s spiritual sovereignty and its unconditional acceptance is binding on all believers till the Day of Judgment. Anyone who denies ‘Alī’s spiritual leadership in fact denies the Prophet’s leadership”.

Shaykh ul-Islam continues,

…Shāh Walī Allāh says:

“In this Ummah the first person to open the door of spiritual dominion is ‘Alī al-Murtadā. The secret of spiritual dominion of the leader permeated his progeny. Therefore, not a single saint is found in the Ummah who is not directly or indirectly indebted to the spiritual leadership of ‘Alī to attain spiritual leadership”.

…Shāh Walī Allāh writes:

“Now in the Ummah anyone who is blessed with spiritual leadership by Allāh’s Messenger is indebted either to ‘Alī al-Murtadā or to the Chief Helper Abdul Qadir Jīlānī. No one can reach the status of wilāyah without this (indebted-ness).”

…Shāh Ismā‘īl Dihlawī has clarified this point:

Alī al-Murtadā has also an edge over Abū Bakr as-Siddīq and ‘Umar Fārūq and this edge lies because of the greater number of his followers and all the highest spiritual and saintly activity, from his days to the end of the world, has to be mediated through him, and he has a say in the kingdom of the kings and the leadership of the leaders and this is not hidden from those who are familiar with the world of sovereignty… Most spiritual chains are directly derived from ‘Alī al-Murtadā. So, on the Day of Judgment, ‘Alī’s army including followers of high status and great reputation, will outnumber and outshine others to be a source of wonder for all the spectators.”

Ahmad bin Hambal in his book Fadā’il-us-sahābah (2:610 # 1042) has added the following words in the tradition related to ‘Umar bin al-Khattāb. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: (O Allāh!) Be the enemy of one who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy, and help him who helps him, and love him who loves him. Shu‘bah says that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said in its place, “Bear malice towards him who bears malice towards (‘Alī).”

Manāwī has written in Fayd-ul-qadīr (6:217) that when Abū Bakr and ‘Umar had heard the Prophet’s saying — One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master — they said to ‘Alī: O son of Abū Tālib! You have become the master of every male and female believer, morning and evening (for ever).”

Dhahabī has said in Siyar a‘lām-in-nubalā’ (2:623, 624) that ‘Umar uttered the words: “O ‘Alī! Congratulations”.

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This entry was posted on March 16, 2011 by in Ahmed Amiruddin and tagged , , , , .
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